Litter Box for Rabbit: Review and Setup Guide

Sometimes we earn commission from qualifying purchases through affiliate links - at no extra cost to you.

If you’re a proud owner of a rabbit, you know how important it is to create a safe and comfortable environment for your furry friend. One essential element of that environment is a litter box. But what makes a litter box suitable for rabbits, and how can you ensure that it stays clean and hygienic?

We will explore the ins and outs of litter boxes for rabbits, including different types, materials, placement, and maintenance.

Why is a Litter Box Important for Rabbits?

Rabbits are naturally clean animals that prefer to use one designated spot for their waste. Providing a litter box not only helps your rabbit feel more comfortable and secure in their environment, but it also makes cleaning up easier for you.

A good litter box can prevent urine and feces from spreading throughout the cage, minimizing unpleasant smells and maintaining a healthy environment for your rabbit.

Types of Litter Boxes for Rabbits

There are different types of litter boxes available for rabbits, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common types are open litter boxes, closed litter boxes, and corner litter boxes.

Open Litter Box

An open litter box is a simple, basic design that consists of a shallow tray with low walls. This type of litter box is easy to access and clean, and rabbits can easily hop in and out of it. However, open litter boxes can also result in more scattered litter and may not provide enough privacy for some rabbits.

Closed Litter Box

A closed litter box, also known as a litter box house, is a covered box that provides more privacy for rabbits. This design can help reduce scattered litter and contain odors, but it can also be more challenging to clean.

Corner Litter Box

A corner litter box is a triangular box that fits into a corner of the cage. This design can save space and provide more room for the rabbit to move around, but it may not be suitable for rabbits that like to dig and scatter litter.

Materials for Rabbit Litter Boxes

The type of litter you use can affect your rabbit’s health and comfort. There are different materials available for rabbit litter boxes, including wood shavings, paper-based litter, and hay-based litter.

Wood Shavings

Wood shavings, such as pine or cedar, are absorbent and can help control odor. However, they can also be dusty and potentially harmful to rabbits if ingested.

Paper-Based Litter

Paper-based litter, such as recycled newspaper or paper pellets, is a more eco-friendly option that can also be dust-free and absorbent. However, it may not control odors as well as other types of litter.

Hay-Based Litter

Hay-based litter, such as straw or timothy hay, can be a comfortable and natural option for rabbits. However, it may not be as absorbent as other types of litter and may not control odors well.

Rabbit Litter Box Setup

The placement of your rabbit’s litter box can affect their comfort and behavior. It is recommended to place the litter box in a quiet and secluded area of the cage, away from food and water bowls.

Rabbits prefer to have some privacy when using the litter box, so avoid placing it in a high-traffic area or near a door. Make sure the litter box is easily accessible for your rabbit and that they can enter and exit it comfortably.

Cleaning and Maintenance of Rabbit Litter Box

Regular cleaning and maintenance of your rabbit’s litter box is crucial to prevent the buildup of bacteria, odors, and litter scatter. Aim to clean the litter box at least once a day, removing any soiled litter and replacing it with fresh litter. Once a week, give the litter box a deep clean, using mild soap and water to disinfect it thoroughly. Make sure the litter box is completely dry before adding fresh litter.

Training Your Rabbit to Use the Litter Box

If your rabbit is not accustomed to using a litter box, you may need to train them gradually. Start by placing a small amount of hay or litter in the litter box and placing it near where your rabbit usually eliminates.

Encourage your rabbit to use the litter box by placing some soiled litter in it and rewarding them with a treat or verbal praise when they use it. Be patient and consistent with the training, and avoid punishing your rabbit for accidents outside the litter box.

Common Mistakes to Avoid with Rabbit Litter Boxes

When setting up a litter box for your rabbit, there are some common mistakes to avoid. These include using litter that is dusty or harmful to rabbits, placing the litter box in a noisy or high-traffic area, and neglecting to clean the litter box regularly. It’s also important to avoid using scented litter or cleaning products, as these can be irritating or toxic to rabbits.

DIY Rabbit Litter Boxes

If you’re on a budget or want to customize your rabbit’s litter box, you can make your own DIY litter box. One simple option is to use a shallow plastic container or a cat litter box and fill it with your preferred litter.

You can also repurpose a cardboard box or a plastic storage container and cut an opening in the side for your rabbit to enter and exit. Just make sure the litter box is sturdy, easy to clean, and large enough for your rabbit to comfortably use.


Providing a litter box for your rabbit is essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment. By choosing the right type of litter box, using safe and comfortable litter materials, and placing the litter box in an appropriate location, you can create a comfortable and hygienic space for your rabbit. Regular cleaning and maintenance, as well as patient training, can help ensure that your rabbit consistently uses the litter box and avoids accidents.


How often should I change the litter in my rabbit’s litter box?

It’s recommended to change the litter at least once a day and to do a deep clean once a week.

Can rabbits use a litter box with a wire bottom?

No, wire-bottomed litter boxes can be uncomfortable and even harmful to rabbits’ feet. Use a solid-bottomed litter box instead.

What’s the best type of litter for rabbit litter boxes?

It depends on your rabbit’s preferences and needs. Paper-based litter, such as recycled newspaper or paper pellets, is a good eco-friendly option, while wood shavings and hay-based litter can also be suitable.

Should I use scented litter or cleaning products for my rabbit’s litter box?

No, scented litter and cleaning products can be irritating or toxic to rabbits. Stick to mild soap and water for cleaning, and avoid scented products.

How can I encourage my rabbit to use the litter box?

To encourage your rabbit to use the litter box, you can start by placing the box in a convenient and accessible location. You should also use a litter that your rabbit prefers and clean the box regularly.

Additionally, providing positive reinforcement, such as treats or praise, when your rabbit uses the box can also be helpful. Gradual training and patience are key to successfully training your rabbit to use the litter box.

Leave a Comment