Why Does My Poodle Have Straight Hair? Uncovering the Genetics and Grooming Tips

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Poodles are known for their unique curly coat, but what about the ones with straight hair? While it’s not as common, some poodles do have straight hair. So why is that? In this article, we’ll delve into the genetics behind it, and provide some helpful tips for grooming your straight-haired poodle.

Genetics Behind Straight-Haired Poodles

If you’ve ever owned a poodle, you know that their curly coat requires a lot of maintenance. However, straight-haired poodles may seem like an easier option, but that’s not necessarily the case. Straight hair in poodles is actually a genetic mutation, and it’s not as common as curly or wavy hair.

Straight hair in poodles is caused by a recessive gene called “Fgf5,” which affects the texture of the hair. This gene is responsible for creating the protein that controls hair growth and texture. In straight-haired poodles, this gene has mutated, resulting in hair that grows in a straight pattern.

While straight hair may seem like a more low-maintenance option, it’s important to note that it still requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and shiny. Keep reading for some grooming tips for your straight-haired poodle.

Grooming Tips for Straight-Haired Poodles

Brush Regularly

Regular brushing is essential for keeping your straight-haired poodle’s coat healthy and shiny. Brushing helps distribute the natural oils throughout the hair, which helps keep it moisturized and prevents it from becoming dry and brittle.

Bathe as Needed

While poodles with curly hair may require more frequent baths, straight-haired poodles still need to be bathed as needed. Over-bathing can strip the natural oils from the hair, which can lead to dryness and brittleness.

Trim as Necessary

Just like with curly-haired poodles, straight-haired poodles require regular trims to prevent matting and tangles. Regular trimming also helps maintain the shape and length of the coat.

Use Quality Products

When it comes to grooming your poodle, it’s important to use high-quality products that are designed specifically for their coat type. Look for shampoos and conditioners that are formulated for straight hair, and avoid products that contain harsh chemicals that can damage the hair.

Consider Professional Grooming

If you’re not comfortable grooming your poodle at home, or if your poodle has a particularly thick or unruly coat, consider taking them to a professional groomer. Professional groomers have the experience and tools necessary to keep your poodle’s coat healthy and shiny.


Can I train my straight-haired poodle to have a curly coat?

No, a poodle’s coat texture is determined by their genetics, and it’s not possible to change it through training or grooming.

Are straight-haired poodles less prone to matting than curly-haired poodles?

While straight hair may be less prone to matting than curly hair, it still requires regular grooming to prevent tangles and matting.

Do straight-haired poodles shed less than curly-haired poodles?

No, poodles with straight hair shed just as much as poodles with curly hair.


While straight hair in poodles may seem like an anomaly, it’s actually a genetic mutation that can occur in some poodles. While it may require less maintenance than curly hair, it still requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and shiny.

By following the tips outlined in this article, you can help keep your straight-haired poodle looking and feeling their best. Remember to always use high-quality products and consult with a professional groomer if needed.

So, if you’re wondering why your poodle has straight hair, now you know it’s a genetic trait caused by a recessive gene. Whether your poodle has curly, wavy or straight hair, they’re all unique and require regular grooming to keep them looking and feeling their best.

By following the tips outlined in this article, you can help keep your furry friend’s coat healthy, shiny, and free from tangles and matting

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